UPOREDNA LISTA BILJA

 

 


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Nemaèki
alge Algae algae Algen, pl.
ananas Ananas comosus pineapple Ananas, f
anis Pimpinella anisum anise Anis, m
anezelika Archangelica officinalis angelica Engelwurz, f
articoka Cynara scolymus artichoke Artischocke, f
avokado Persea americana avocado Avocado, f
badem-slatki Amygdalus communis almond (sweet) Mandel, f (süße)
bakalar Gadus morhua cod Stockfisch, m
bambus-izdanci Bambusa vulgaris bamboo shoots Bambussprossen, pl.
bamija Hibiscus esculentus gombo; okra Okra, f; Rosenpappel, f
banana za jelo Musa sapientum banana Banane, f; Obstbanane, f
banana za pecenje Musa paradisiaca plantain Kochbanane, f
krumpir-slatki Ipomoena batata sweet potato Süßkartoffel, f
bazga-bobica Sambucus nigra elderberry Holunderbeere, f
bjelica Coregonus laveratus whitefish Renke, f  
blitva Beta vulgaris var. cicla Swiss chard; Mangold, m
bob Vicia faba var. major broad bean Saubohne, f; dicke Bohne, f
borovica Juniperus communis juniper berry Wacholderbeere, f
borovnica Vaccinium myrtillus blueberry; bilberry Heidelbeere, f
bosiljak Ocimum basilicum sweet basil Basilienkraut, n
brancin; lubin Dicentrachus labrax sea bass Seebarsch, m
breskva Prunus persica peach Pfirsich, m
brusnica Vaccinium vitis-idaea cowberry; foxberry Preiselbeere, f;
buca - ljetna Cucurbita pepo pumpkin Gartenkürbis, m
buca - seme Cucurbita pepo pumpkin seed Kürbiskern, m
buca - zimska Cucurbita maxim giant pumpkin Riesenkürbis, m;  
bukovaca Pleurotus ostreatus oyster mushroom Austernpilz, m  
celer Apium graveolens celery Sellerie, f
celer-beli Apium graveolens var.dulce blanching celery Bleichsellerie, f
celer-koren Apium graveolens var.rapaceum celeriac Knollensellerie, f
cikla Beta vulgaris var. esculenta red beet Beete, f, rote; Rübe
cimet Cinnamomum cinnamon Zimt, m
cipalj Mugil capito mullet Meeräsche, f
cvetaca Brassica oleracea var. botrytis cauliflower Blumenkohl
caj - kineski Thea sinensis common tea Tee, m
cicoka Heliantus tuberosum jerusalem artichoke Tominambur, f
cubar Satureja hortensis savory Bohnenkraut, n
dagnja Mytilus edulis mussel Miesmuschel, f
datulja Phoenix dactylifera date Dattel, f
dinja Cucumis melo melone Zuckermelone, f
dinja-kantalupa Cucumis melo var.cantalup. cantaloup Kantalupe, f;
detelina-klice Medicago sativa alfalfa sprouts Alfalfasprossen, pl.
dud - beli Morus alba mulberry, white Maulbeere, f, weiße
dud - crni Morus nigra mulberry, black Maulbeere, f, schwarze
dunja Cydonia oblonga (vulgaris) quince Quitte, f
djumbir Zingber officinalis ginger Ingwer, m
djumbir - orascic Zingber officinalis ginger nut Ingwernuß, f
estragon; tarkanj Artemisia dracunculus estragon Estragon, m
fazan Phasianus colchicus pheasant "Fasan, m; Edelphasan, m
feferon Capiscum frutescens hot pepper "Pfefferschotte, f; Peperoni, pl
golub Columba spp. pigeon; squab Taube, f
gospodinova krunica Passiflora edulis passion fruit; Passionsfrucht, f
govedo Bos taurus cattle Rind, n
grah-beli Phaseolus vulgaris kidney bean-white Bohne, f, weiße
grah-crni Vigna sinenensis cowpea Augenbohne, f
grah-crveni Phaseolus multiflorus scarlet bean Feuerbohne, f;
grah-smedji Phaseolus vulgaris brown bean Bohne, f, braun
grah-zlatni Phaseolus aureus mung bean; Mungbohne, f;
grah-zlatni klice Phaseolus aureus mungbean sprouts Mungbohnensprossen, pl
grasak Pisum sativum green pea Erbse, f;
grdobina Lophius piscatorius frogfish Angler(fisch), m
grejp Citrus paradisii grapefruit Grapefruit, f
grgec; kostres Perca fluviatilis perch Flußbarsch, m
grozdje Vitis vinifera grape Traube, f
gujava-plod Psidium guava guava Guave, f
guska Anser anser goose Gans, f
haringa; sledj Clupea harengus herring Hering, m
heljda Fagopyrum esculentum buckwheat Buchweizen, m
hlap; rarog Palinurus vulgaris lobster Languste, f
hobotnica Octopus vulgaris octopus Krake, m, gemeine
hren Armoracia rusticana horse radish Meerrettich, m; Kren, m
jabuka Malus silvestris apple Apfel, m
jabuka-tropska Annona cherimola cherimoya "Cherimoja, n;Zuckerapfel, m
jagoda-vrtna Fragraria ananasa strawberry; Erdbeere, f; Gartenerdbeere, f;
jagoda-sumska Fragraria vesca wild strawberry Walderdbeere, f
jams-korijen Dioscorea spp. Yam Yamswurzel, f
jecam Hordeum vulgare barley Gerste, f
kadulja, zalfija Salvia officinalis sage Salbei, m, echter
kakao Theobroma cacao cocoa Kakao, m
kakao-maslac Theobroma cacao cocoa butter Kakaobutter, f
kardamon Elletaria cardamomum cardamon Kardamom, n
kasatka Anarrhiachis lupus catfish Katfisch, m; Seewolf, m,
kelj Brassica oleracea var.sabelica kale Grünkohl; Wintekohl;
kelj-rastika Brassica oleracea var.acephala borecole Blätterkohl, m
kelj-pupcar Brassica oleracea var.aspargoides broccoli Brokkoli;
kesten-pitomi Castanea sativa chestnut Edelkastanie, f; Marone, f"
kikiriki Arachis hypogaea "peanut; groundnut" Erdnuß, f
kim, kumin Cuminum cymicum cumin Kümmel, m
kim pravi Carum carvi caraway Kümmel, Wiesenkümmel, m
kit Balenoptera musculus whale Wal, m
kivi-plod Actinidia chinensis kiwi Kiwi(frucht), f
klincic Caryophyllus aromaticus clove Gewürznellke, f
kokos Gallus domesticus hen Huhn, n
kola-seme Cola acuminata cola nut Kolanuß, f
kolja Pollachius pollachius pollack Steinköhler, m;
koljak Gadus aeglefinus haddock Schellfisch, m
komorac Foeniculum vulgare fennel Fenchel, m
konjski jezik Hippoglosssus hippoglossus halibut Heilbutt, m;
kopar Anethum graveolens dill Gurkenkraut, n
kopriva Urtica dioica nettle Brennessel, f
korabica Brassica oleracea var.gongylodes kohlrabi; Kohlrabi, m
koren-crni; turovac Sczorzonera hispanica black salsify Schwarzwurzel, f
kostelj Squalus acanthias shark Dornhai, m
krastavac Cucumis sativus cucumber Gurke, f  
kril Euphrausia superba krill Krill, m
krumpir Solanum tuberosum potato Kartoffel, f;
kruska Pyrus communis pear Birne, f
krusno drvo Artrocarpus incisa breadfruit tree Brotfruchtbaum, m,
kukuruz Zea mays maize; corn Mais, m
kunic Oryctolagus cuniculus rabbit Kaninchen, n
kupina-plod Rubus fruticosus blackberry Brombeere, f
kupus-kovrcavi Brassica oleracea var.sabauda savoy cabbage Wirsingkohl, m;
kupus-beli Brassica oleracea capitata var.alba white cabbage Weißkohl, m
kupus-crveni Brassica oleracea capitata var.rubra red cabbage Rotkohl, m
kupus-glavati Brassica oleracea capitata headed cabbage Kopfkohl, m
kupus-kineski Brassica chinensis chinese cabbage Chinakohl, m;
kurkuma Curcuma longa turmeric; curcuma Gelbwurz, f; Kurkuma, f
lan-seme Linum usiattissimum leenseed Leinsamen, m
lazarkinja Asperula odorata sweet woodruft Waldmeister, m
leca Lens culinaris lentil Linse, f
limun Citrus medica lemon Zitrone, f
ljesnjak Corylus avellana hazelnut; filbert Haselnuß, f
lovor-list Laurus nobilis laurel; bay-leaf Lorbeerblatt, n
lubenica Citrullus vulgaris water melon Wassermelone, f
luk-beli, cesnjak Allium sativum garlic Knoblauch, m
luk-crveni Allium cepa onion Zwiebel, f;
luk-kozjak Allium ascalonicum shallot Schalotte, f;
luk-vlasac Allium schoenoprasum chives Schnittlauch, m
luk-mladi Allium fistulosus stone leek Frühlingszwiebel, f;
marelica kajsija Prunus armeniaca apricot Aprikose, f
maslina Olea europaea olive Olive, f
maticnjak Melissa officinalis balm; lemon balm Zitronenmelisse, f
matovilac Valerianella olitoria lambs lettuce Feldsalat, f
mazuran Origanum majorana majoram Majoran, m
metvica-paprena Mentha piperita peppermint Pfefferminze, f
metvica-zelena Mentha spicata spearmint Spearminze, f
mladica Salmo hucho huchen Huchen, m;
mravinac; origano" Origanum vulgare oregano Oregano, m;
mrkva Dauctus carota carrot Möhre, n
muskat-cvet Myristica fragrans mace Muskatblüte, f; Macis, f
muskat - orascic Myristica fragrans nutmeg Muskatnuß, f
musmula Mespilus germanica medlar Mispel, f
muzgavac, mrkac Eledona moschata squid Moschuseledone, f
nar; mogranj Punica granatum pomegranate Granatapfel, m
naranca Citrus sinensis orange Orange, f
naranca-patuljasta Fortunella japonica kumquat Kumquat, m;
nektarina Prunus persica nectarine Nektarine, f
nerka-crvena Sebastes marinus red fish Rotbarsch, m
oblic Rhombus maximus turbot Steinbutt, m
ogrozd Ribes grossularia goosberry Stachelbeere, f
opuncija Opuntia ficus-indica prickly pear Feigenkaktus, m
orada Sparus auratus gilt-poll Goldbrasse, f
orah-australski Macadamia ternifolia macadamia nut; Macadamianuß, f;
orah-brazilski Bertholletia exelsa brazil nut Paranuß, f;
orah-europski Junglans regia walnut Walnuß, f
orah-kasu Anacardium occidentale Cashew nut Kaschunuß, f
orah-kokosov Cocos nucifera coconut Kokosnuß, f
orah-pekan Carya pecan pecan nut Pekannuß, f
palma-orascic Orbignya speciosa babassu nut Babassunuß, f
pamuk-sjeme Gosypium hirsutum cotton seed Baumwollsamen, pl
papaja Carica papaya papaya Papaya, f;
paprika-crvena Capiscum annum red pepper Paprika, m, rot
paprika-ljutica Capiscum spp. Cayenne pepper Cayenepfeffer, m
paprika-zacinska Capiscum annum Spanish pepper Gewürzpaprika, m
paprika-zelena Capiscum annum green pepper Paprika, m, grün
pastrnjak Pastinaca sativa parsnip Pastinake, f
patliðan Solanum melanogena egg-plant Aubergine, f;
pelin Artemisia absinthium absinth(e) Absinth, m
peršin Petroselinum crispum parsley Petersilie, f
pistacija - orascic Pistacia vera pistachio nut Pistazie, f
pismolj Merlangius merlangus whiting Wittling, m
poriluk Allium porrum leek Porree, m; Lauch, m
prokulica Brassica oleracea gemmifera Brussels sprouts Rosenkohl, m
proso Panicum miliaceum millet Hirse, f, echte;
psenica Triticum vulgare wheat Weizen, m
psenicne-klice Triticum aestivum wheat germ Weizenkeime, pl
rabarbara Rheum rhaponticum rhubarb Rhabarber, m
radic-divlji; cikorija Cichorium intybus wild chicory Zichorie, f, wilde
rajcica paradajz Lycopersicum esculentum tomato Tomate, f
raz Secale cereale rye Roggen, m
repa Brassica napus napobrassica rutabaga Kohlrübe, f;
repa-bela Brassica rapa var.rapifera turnip Wasserrübe, f
repica-uljana Brassica napus oleifera rape; colza Raps, m
ribiz-crni Ribes nigrum black currant Johannisbeere, f, schwarze
ribiz-crveni Ribes rubrum red currant Johannisbeere, f, rote
riza Oryza sativa rice Reis, m
rogac Ceratonia siliqua carob Karobe, f
rotkva Raphanus sativus radish; daikon Rettich, m; Radi, m
rotkvica Raphanus sativus radicula little radish Radieschen, n;
ruzmarin Rosmarinus officinalis rosemary Rosmarin, m
salata-cikorija Cichorium intybus foliosum endive Salatzichorie, f
salata-zimska Cichorium endivia escarole Winterendivie, f
salata-glavatica Lactuca sativa capitata head lettuce Kopfsalat, m
salata-ledena Lactuca sativa Iceberg lettuce Eis(berg)salat, m
salata-potocnica Nasturtium officinale water cress Brunnenkresse, f
salata-vrtna Lepidium sativum garaden cress Gartenkresse, f
sezam-seme Sesamum indicum sesame seed Sesamsamen, m  
sinjac; deverika Abramis brama bream Brassen, m
sipa Sepia officinalis cuttlefish Tintenfisch, m
skusa; lokarda Scomber scombrus mackerel Makrele, f
slacica-bela Sinapis alba white mustard Senf, m, weißer
slacica-crna Brassica nigra black mustard Senf, m, schwarzer
sladic Glychyrhiza glabra liquorice Süßholz, n
smokva Ficus carica fig Feige, f  
soja-klice Glycine maxima soybean sprouts Sojasprossen, pl
soja-zrno Glycine maxima soybean Sojabohne, f
srcanka Cardium edule cockle Herzmuschel, f
suncokret-sjeme Helianthus annuus sunflower seed Sonnenblumenkern, m
safran Crocus sativus saffron Krokus, m
sampinjon Agaricus bisporus mushroom Champignon, m
secerna trska Saccharum officinarum sugar cane Zuckerrohr, n
sipak Rosa canina rose hip Hagebutte, f
skamp Nephros norvegicus shrimp Scampi, pl
sljiva Prunus domestica plum Pflaume,f
sljiva-kaki Diospyros kaki kaki Kakipflaume, f
sljiva-okrugla Prunus institita italica greengage Reneklode, f
sparoga Asparagus officinalis garden asparagus Spargel, m
spinat spanac Spinacia oleracea spinach Spinat, m
tapioka, manioka Manihot esculenta tapioca Maniok, m
tartuf; gomoljaca Tuber spp. truffle Trüffel, f
tresnja Prunus avium cherry Kirsche, f, (süß)
vanilija Vanilla plantifolia vanilla Vanille, f, echte
visnja Prunus cerasus sour cherry Sauerkirsche, f
vrganj Boletus edulis cepe Steinpilz, m
zob Avena sativa oats Hafer, m